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Tenth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons



Tenth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

Tenth Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons

2nd August 2022


Statement by the Permanent Representative of Italy, Amb. Maurizio Massari


Mister President,

Please allow me to congratulate you on the assumption of your duties as the President of the 10th NPT Review Conference and rest assured of Italy’s full support.

Italy fully recognizes itself with the statement delivered by the European Union. I will add some comments in my national capacity.

First, Italy reaffirms its strong belief in the Treaty as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime, as the essential component of nuclear disarmament efforts and as a key component of the multilateral architecture.

In this regard, we join others in calling upon all States that have not yet done so to join the Treaty as non-nuclear weapon States and to fully adhere to its terms. Italy views the three pillars of the NPT as complementary and mutually reinforcing, and calls upon the full implementation of commitments taken during previous Review Conferences.

Mister President,

We cannot overlook in this Assembly the implications that the unprovoked aggression by the Russian Federation against Ukraine has had in terms of challenge to the rules based on international order and of breach of international law. It is also our duty to condemn the intimidating use of nuclear rhetoric by a nuclear-weapon state associated with the invasion of a non-nuclear-weapon state; the betrayal of the security assurances given at the time of Ukraine’s accession to the NPT; and the threat posed to Ukraine’s nuclear infrastructures.

Mr. President,

Italy believes in the ultimate goal of a world free of nuclear weapons, and fully supports disarmament efforts in accordance with Article VI of the Treaty. Italy has welcomed the agreement between the United States and Russia to extend the New START Treaty and to establish a bilateral Security Dialogue. We call upon the nuclear states with the largest arsenals to take concrete steps towards effective nuclear disarmament through further reductions. To such extent, the readiness announced yesterday by the United States to negotiate a new arms control framework is particularly timely and we call on all relevant Parties to actively and transparently sustain a much needed dialogue to move forward on the non-proliferation agenda.

Italy would also like to express its strong support to risk reduction initiatives. While not a substitute for disarmament, risk reductions measures have a concrete potential to increase security and prepare the ground for concrete progress towards Article VI implementation.

CTBT – Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty – is a cornerstone of the disarmament and non-proliferation agenda, as well as of the wider multilateral architecture. Italy, including in its current capacity of Co-Coordinator of the Article XIV Conference, strongly supports its early entry into force and calls upon States that have not yet done so to sign and ratify the CTBT immediately.

The IAEA’s Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement, together with the Additional Protocol, remains a core component of the NPT and a fundamental insurance for our security. The Agency’s system of safeguards is crucial to ensure the peaceful character of nuclear activities and - as Director General Grossi reminded us yesterday - it is an indispensable means to preserving and fostering global security.

We remain deeply concerned by the severe difficulties that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) on the Iranian nuclear programme is still experiencing. We urge Iran to return to fully implement its obligations under the JCPoA without delay.

Likewise, we urge the DPRK to refrain from further provocations and to take concrete steps towards a complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization, and to return to the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

Mister President,

Italy supports the inalienable right of all NPT Parties to develop research, production and use of nuclear resources for peaceful purposes in conformity with the Treaty, also in the light of a swift and sustainable energy transition.

Italy strongly believes that any project involving nuclear energy, as well as any technology or application making use of radioactive materials, should provide and integrate elements of safeguards, safety, security, emergency preparedness and response. Only such synergies can grant a long-lasting sustainable approach, as well as the actual well-being and protection of both the population and the environment.

We acknowledge the potential of nuclear research in the fields of climate change, food security, and global health.

In conclusion, Mister President,

Italy’s overarching priorities at the Conference are to reaffirm the central, enduring role of the NPT in the multilateral architecture; to support the full implementation by all Parties of their commitments; and to make concrete progress towards achieving the disarmament and non-proliferation goals enshrined in the Treaty.

Thank you.