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Sustainable Development

 

Sustainable Development



Italy has always been a staunch supporter of the UN action to promote development. We host the UN food hub in Rome (FAO, WFP, IFAD), which has always facilitated between the UN and Italy communication and mutual enrichment in terms of proposals and good practices. From the G8 Summits to the organization of “Expo Milano 2015,” the United Nations’ presence in Italy has encouraged the creation of innovative proposals, such as: the L’Aquila Food Security Initiative (AFSI), the food security initiative adopted by the 2009 G8 L’Aquila Summit; and the Milan Charter, which aims to present the legacy of “Expo Milano 2015” to future generations.

Italy is focused on pursuing the Sustainable Development Goals of the Agenda 2030, signed in September 2015 by the governments of the 193 UN Member States, and the goals of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.

 

 

We support an integrated approach to development policies based on the harmonization, coordination and efficacy of aid, as well as on a balanced understanding of the main drivers of development. Another fundamental aspect of Italy’s action is its support for the activities of United Nations Funds and Programs (UNDP, UNICEF, UNFPA, UN Women) by participating in their Executive Boards and through financial contributions by the Italian Development Cooperation. Our work with UNICEF is an excellent example of cooperation. Italy hosts in Florence the Innocenti Research Center and the UNICEF Office for Research Facilitation and Knowledge Management, and is one of its major donors. Italy has long enjoyed close cooperation with the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), which is regulated by a bilateral Memorandum of Understanding of 1996, attested to by the presence in Rome of the only UNDESA office located outside of New York.

Italy is directly and concretely committed to innovative mechanisms for financing development, as evidenced by the appointment of the Permanent Representative, Amb. Zappia, as Co-facilitator of the process that will result in the Final Document of the Forum for Financing for Development of ECOSOC to be held in April 2019 in New York. Italy has developed, promoted, and is one of the main donors of the Advance Market Commitments initiative. This initiative encourages pharmaceutical companies to research and sell new vaccines against endemic diseases – starting with pneumococcus - at affordable prices in vulnerable Countries. Italy is also a founding member and contributor to the International Finance Facility for Immunization. Through this initiative, based on the financial pledges of donor countries, bonds are issued for the purchase of vaccines and the support of healthcare programs and systems in poorer countries. Starting with the G8, Italy has promoted the 5x5 initiative, aiming to reduce the average global cost of remittances from migrants – an objective subsequently integrated into the G20 framework, and a significant topic on the UN agenda.

In light of our special sensitivity to environmental issues, we are deeply concerned by the situation of Small Island States – whose existence is sometimes threatened by climate change – and Countries with high biodiversity, where preserving the environment reflects the collective interest of the international community. Italy’s commitment to cooperation for the Small Island States of the Pacific, especially in the field of renewable energies, is recognized internationally as a good practice and used as an exemplary approach to sustainable development.

 


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