Discorso pronunciato dall’Ambasciatore Inigo Lambertini, Vice Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite, al Lancio di Alto Livello del Rapporto Globale 2016 sul Traffico di Esseri Umani —
At first let me commend the Permanent Representative of France for organizing this important event and UNODC for its continuous commitment and for all of the information, figures and analyses provided through the 2016 Global Report.
Updated and advanced data are critical for policy makers and practitioners in order to define priorities and implement international and national laws and regulations.
Differences and connections between traffickers at the national level and through international networks; identification of those most at risk of becoming victims; the gap between the increasing number of countries aligning their legislation to international instruments and the very low number of investigations and convictions: these data are critical and should be carefully considered.
The 2016 Global Report confirms that human trafficking, particularly in conflict situations, targets the most vulnerable – namely women and children – and that criminal groups easily engage in this profitable market because increasingly supported by new technologies.
Italy is committed to saving lives at sea and has rescued more than 350,000 people since 2014. At the same time it is actively working to disrupt the business model of traffickers. At the national level, Italy is focused on prevention, victim protection, anti-discrimination measures, strengthened law enforcement and judicial cooperation. On February 2016 a National Action Plan on Combating Trafficking in Human
Beings was approved, with a view to the international dimension of this phenomenon and its root-causes. We cannot underestimate the fact that more than 500 different trafficking routes were detected between 2012 and 2014, while countries in Western and Southern Europe identified victims of 137 different nationalities.
Accountability is fundamental: Italy is committed to bringing to justice individuals proven guilty of trafficking and related crimes .Owing to victims’ identification and testimonies of survivors, a week ago Italian Authorities convicted the perpetrators of the shipwreck off the coast of Libya in April 2015, which caused over 700 victims, sentencing them to 18 years in prison.
We agree with the call for full implementation of the “Palermo Convention” and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children. These are key to bolstering international cooperation and must be supported by efforts dedicated to enhancing capacity building, sustainable projects, and training activities by Member States, UNODC and other UN and international bodies.
Let me make a final consideration. Yesterday UN SC adopted resolution 2331 (2016) dedicated, for the first time ever, to addressing trafficking in persons. Next year the GA will gather to evaluate the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking. The combination of these initiatives and future implementing actions are decisive for the holistic approach and higher standards in international cooperation we promote.
To combat human trafficking in all of its forms, Italy remains committed to making its contribution and is open to further cooperation in all international fora.