Discorso pronunciato dall’Ambasciatore Sebastiano Cardi, Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite, al Briefing in Consiglio di Sicurezza sulla situazione in Sud Sudan —
I wish to thank the Special Representative, David Shearer, for his update on the situation in South Sudan. We were pleased to hear of the implementation of numerous measures to improve the protection of civilians and create weapons-free zones. UNMISS can continue to count on Italy’s support. I also wish to thank the Chair of the South Sudan Sanctions Committee, Ambassador Fodé Seck, and Gorgui for his report on the Committee’s activities.
As others have reminded, on March 23, this Council adopted a Presidential Statement on South Sudan. We feel the need to repeat the five points that South Sudan is called upon to respect:
– Immediate cease-fire;
– Removal of obstacles of humanitarian assistance;
– Support for the mediation efforts of the UN, the AU, and IGAD;
– Removal of obstacles to UNMISS and the monitoring mechanism and deployment of the Regional Protection Force;
– End attacks on humanitarian personnel and facilities.
We cannot but observe that, with only a few days left until the expiration date of April 30, set by the PRST, the situation has deteriorated on all five points.
Despite the IGAD statement of March 25, a cease-fire has not been announced in South Sudan. As the Secretary-General’s update reports, the clashes are contributing to the exodus of the civilian population. The final report of the Panel of Experts explains that the military action is continuing along ethnic lines.
The delivery of humanitarian assistance continues to be conditioned by attacks on personnel.
The National Dialogue announced by the Government has been postponed indefinitely.
The result is that the Peace Agreement keeps being violated, fighting widens in the country, and the National Dialogue is not taking place. The South-Sudanese women and children are the first victims of this non-compliance. The tragedy is driven by human rights violations, the use of child soldiers, sexual- and gender-based violence as a war tactic, and the impunity guaranteed by the delay in establishing the Hybrid Court.
There can be no peace without accountability. Anyone who thinks the differences can be solved militarily must be deluded. The only result would be a divided, indebted country filled with resentment, a situation that will weight on the population for years to come. We ask all the parties to comply with the relevant resolutions, cooperate with UNMISS, and allow the immediate deployment of the RPF.
We will continue to support the shuttle diplomacy of Special Representative Alpha Konaré, with the assistance of SRSG Shearer, Special Envoy Haysom, President Mogae, and IGAD. We call on the regional stakeholders to act in unity and without further delay so that the parts may cease their hostilities.
In South Sudan today there is no peace and there is no security. The impact of the conflict on the region – take, for example, the refugees and arms flows – is more and more destabilizing.
During the ministerial briefing one month ago, we observed that the time to contain this immense tragedy was ending. Today we observe, with regret, that our assertion is more motivated than ever. In the next few weeks, the Council will have to carefully examine the options available, in order to convince South Sudan that stability must be restored in the country.
I thank you, Madam President.