Discorso pronunciato dall’Ambasciatore Sebastiano Cardi, Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite, al briefing in Consiglio di Sicurezza sulla situazione in Somalia —
At the outset, let me thank the Deputy Special Representative Zenega and Special Representative Madeira for their briefings.
We share the view expressed by the Secretary-General in his report that, in the past months, we have witnessed remarkable events that have restored significant hope for the future of Somalia.
It is crucial for us to build on these results, and move towards a different and more positive narrative of the situation in the Country. We seize today’s opportunity to support President Farmajo and the Somali Authorities’ efforts in the institution-building process.
Italy is actively committed – together with Somalia itself, the UN, African Union, IGAD, European Union and other relevant partners – to the full empowerment of Somali institutions. We firmly believe that Somali ownership is key to this process. We have always adhered to this principle and will continue to do so.
Turning to security, we welcome the results of the London Conference of 11 May and the launch of the New Partnership for Somalia, which will be vital to the implementation of the National Development Plan.
The threat posed by Al-Shabaab remains very serious, especially for its impact on the perceptions of the population. This is where the work of AMISOM is still crucial to the success of the Somali Security Forces’ entry-strategy. Italy supports the efforts made by the United Nations and the African Union to lay out the framework for AMISOM operations and looks with confidence to the outcome of the joint review of UN-AU cooperation on AMISOM currently underway.
Italy will continue to support Somali ownership in the security sector via bilateral training for Somali Police and also by leading the EU Training Mission in Somalia, deploying its command and more than half of its soldiers.
Bearing in mind the multi-faceted challenges posed by terrorists, the security dimension is not the only issue to be tackled vigorously. It is not all about security. Somalia together with its partners can do more to tackle the root causes of radicalization, such as poverty; lack of education; lack of job opportunities; and to prevent violent extremism.
As for the United Nations, in the coming months UNSOM should work to advance major efforts in consolidating the rule of law, financial accountability, and administrative capacities, both at the national and federal level, starting with basic social services. As recalled in the SG’s recent review of operations, the core mission of UNSOM remains strategic advice on peace-building and state-building; coordination of international support; and capacity building of Somali federal and state institutions.
Moving to humanitarian situations, it is very worrisome. Italy will continue to do its part by giving 4.5 millions of euro in humanitarian assistance to alleviate suffering and strengthen resilience for the most vulnerable categories of the civilian population..
Lastly, we commend the Federal Government of Somalia for the priority given on rebuilding the economy and restoring key financial institutions.
We warmly welcome the roadmap agreed between the Federal Government of Somalia and the International Financial Institutions (IFIs). We strongly encourage Somalia’s aspirations towards debt relief, which will be the final goal of the implementation of both the roadmap and the conditions required by the HIPC Initiative, and Italy reiterates our commitment to fulfill this aspiration as soon as the relevant requirement will be met.
I thank you, Mr. President.