Spiegazioni di Voti pronunciate dall’ Italia al meeting in Consiglio di Sicurezza per l’ Adozione della Risoluzione 2368 riguardante l’ aggiornamento del regime sanzionatorio per ISIL/Al-Qaida.—
Italy welcomes the unanimous adoption of resolution 2368, which we co-sponsored aimed at updating and expanding the international legal framework for ISIL/Al-Qaida sanctions regime implementation is now paramount.
The sustained military pressure on Da’esh as well as the depletion of its financial resources have diminished but not taken away the group’s ability to fund its supporters outside the conflict zone and enable attacks on civilians. ISIL can still rely on diversified sources of financing and has drawn income from inter alia antiquities smuggling, the exploitation of mineral resources, and human trafficking.
Since Resolution 2253/2015, the global nature of the threat posed by terrorism has changed and the international community has been confronted with new challenges, including: the rising flow of returning FTFs, the misuse of the Internet and social media by terrorists as well as the exploitation of human trafficking networks. The new Resolution acknowledges and tackles this evolving scenario which requires a coordinated response by the international community.
In an effort to address and detect the flow of FTFs, some States have adopted and put in place the API (advanced passenger information) and PNR (passenger name records) systems. These tools are an important means to rein in movements of terrorists and recruiters more effectively and we encourage Member States that have not yet done so to take the necessary steps to develop them.
Member States have also taken concrete steps to strengthen their relationships with the private sector with a view to responding to terrorist use of information and communications technologies (ICTs). These public-private partnerships are of paramount importance not only in countering terrorism financing, but also in detecting and removing terrorist content online. With regard to the growing concern that terrorists could benefit from trafficking in persons, we regret that it was not possible to have more stringent language in the resolution, stressing the exploitation of human trafficking networks in the conflict zones as well as the potential nexus between this heinous practice and the financing of terrorist organizations.
It is still imperative for the international community to put into place an effective and coordinated response to the terrorist threat, for the purpose of eliminating any gaps. It remains crucial for Member States to enhance their cooperation within and between public sector agencies, both domestically and internationally and to empower financial intelligence units (FIUs), law enforcement and intelligence services to improve the exchange of relevant information in a timely manner. Italy is strongly committed to providing judicial and law enforcement international cooperation, in the framework of transnational investigations.
Let me conclude by reiterating Italy’s strong appreciation of the work conducted by the Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team and of the significant role played by the Office of the Ombudsperson in its efforts to guarantee due process and transparency.