Discorso pronunciato dal Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite, Ambasciatore Sebastiano Cardi, alla Terza Commissione della 72ma Sessione dell’Assemblea Generale sulla Prevenzione del Crimine e Giustizia Penale – Controllo Internazionale della Droga —
I wish to open my brief statement by remembering Professor Cherif Bassiouni, who passed away a few days ago. He was a brilliant, creative and passionate scholar who transformed his intuitions into concrete initiatives that changed the international legal framework and contributed to the development of the United Nations system. Last June, prevented by illness from coming to New York for the commemoration of Judge Falcone, he still managed to participate in the ceremony by recording a message that captured perfectly the importance of the work done by Judge Falcone and the decisive scope of the subsequent Palermo Convention.
There is much food for thought in the events of the past year. Top of the list, in my opinion, are the growing relations between the works of the GA and the Security Council. Some examples of the challenges we are facing are:
• the ties between organized crime and terrorism,
• the growing impact of transnational criminal traffic on the peace and security of peoples and entire territories,
• changes to the UN’s counter-terrorism structures,
• and the unquestionable relationship between sustainable development, fighting organized crime, terrorism and international peace missions.
In this context it becomes even more obvious how the full application of the Palermo Convention and the Protocols thereto should be an essential component of every program for crime prevention and criminal justice.
This conclusion emerged almost unanimously in the GA’s June 19th debate, as did the need to equip the Convention with an effective, sustainable review mechanism.
A similar assessment should be reached for the Anti-Corruption Convention, whose 15th anniversary will take place in 2018.
Italy has actively contributed to recent progress in the international legal framework, such as:
• Countering traffic in persons;
• Defending the status and the rights of women and minors, with special attention to the victims of criminal phenomena;
• Building on 2016 UNGASS declaration and consistently addressing the drug abuse in a balanced manner;
• Improving the penalty and penitentiary system;
• Protecting cultural heritage and countering all forms of relevant trafficking;;
• Fighting corruption and financial crimes;
• Responding to the abuse of the Internet and social media by criminal and terrorist groups;
• Supporting the creation and the work of central authorities and specialized agencies in order to support judicial cooperation in fighting crime.
Italy intends to lend its support, with equal firmness, to two central goals for the creation of transparent societies and institutions, and for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda.
a) In particular, Goal 60, the dissemination of a culture of legality, directed especially at young people, an area in which our Country’s institutions and civil society have been actively cooperating since the 1990s through educational projects and government initiatives not without mentioning the importance of this issue in the framework of the Congress to be held in Japan in 2020.
b) By Improving access to justice and the creation of hi-tech forms to help all citizens use legal documentation effectively.
These themes will be part of the resolution on crime prevention and criminal justice that Italy is preparing for negotiations in the next few months.
Last year more than 130 Countries sponsored the 71/209 resolution after an intense negotiation in which many Member States involved.
We are convinced, also in light of the June 19th debate in the GA, that the contribution of every Country will allow us to approve by consensus a resolution equal to the complexity of the issues facing the United Nations and its Member States.
I thank you, M.me Chair.