Discorso pronunciato dall’Ambasciatore Sebastiano Cardi, Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite e Presidente del Consiglio di Sicurezza, Presidente del Comitato per le Sanzioni 1718 sulla Corea del Nord al Briefing in Consiglio di Sicurezza sulla Non-proliferazione/Nord Corea —
I have the honour to brief the Security Council on the activities of the Committee established pursuant to resolution 1718 (2006) for the period of 12 September 2017 through 29 November 2017, in accordance with paragraph 12 (g) of the same resolution.
The Committee strongly condemns the continuing violations by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, in particular the ballistic missile launch on 14 September 2017, which flew over Japan, and the most recent launch yesterday.
Following the adoption of resolution 2375 (2017) on 11 September 2017, which significantly expands the scope of the sanctions regime, the Committee is engaged in facilitating implementation of all sanctions measures and is continuing its efforts in this regard.
As part of the Committee’s outreach activities, I convened an open briefing with the UN membership on 9 October 2017 to offer a detailed overview of the expanded sanctions regime and Member States’ obligations in this regard. The briefing provided a forum for Member States to explore challenges and opportunities they faced and to raise specific questions and concerns while implementing the DPRK sanctions. I also encouraged them to submit their national implementation reports (NIRs) on concrete measures they have taken to effectively implement the resolutions.
As of today, the Committee has received 102, 89 and 31 NIRs on resolutions 2270 (2016), 2321 (2016), and 2371 (2017), respectively. While this submission rate continues to be much higher than under previous resolutions regarding the DPRK, it should be recalled that resolution 2375 (2017) requires all Member States to submit their NIRs within 90 days of its adoption, that is by 12 December 2017.
During the reporting period, the Committee received notifications from Member States informing the Committee of amendments to their national legislation in order to ensure consistency with the financial provisions of Security Council resolutions 2321 (2016) and 2356 (2017), and continued to perform its duties through the no-objection procedure envisioned by paragraph 5 (c) of the Guidelines of the Committee for the Conduct of its Work.
In this regard, on 12 September 2017, the Committee approved updates to the informal list of individuals and entities in the Korean language, which incorporated the individuals and entities listed in Annexes I and II of resolution 2371 (2017). Following the adoption of resolution 2375 (2017), the Committee approved further updates to the informal Korean list on 18 October 2017, which incorporate the individual and entities listed in Annexes I and II of that resolution.
In view of the implementation of resolutions 2270 (2016), 2371 (2017) and 2375 (2017), I am pleased to report that on 29 September 2017, the Committee agreed on a list of WMD-related items of concern, in accordance with paragraph 4 of Security Council resolution 2375 (2017). On 2 October 2017, the Committee approved a list of conventional arms-related items, in accordance with the requirements set out in paragraph 5 of Security Council resolution 2375 (2017) and reported to the Security Council. In view of updating the CBW-related items, the Committee is continuing its consideration.
I am also pleased to report that, in accordance with paragraph 6 of resolution 2375 (2017), on 3 October 2017 the Committee was able to reach an agreement on a list of four vessels for designation pursuant to the measures imposed by paragraph 6 of resolution 2371 (2017).
With regard to the 1718 Sanctions List, the Committee approved a technical correction to an entity designated on the 1718 Sanctions List on 19 October 2017 and is considering requests by an intergovernmental organization pertaining to a designated entity and an individual.
During the reporting period, the Committee received an exemption request from one Member State to allow a one-time entry to Donghae Port, Republic of Korea, for the vessel PETREL 8. On 3 November 2017, the Committee approved an exemption to the measures imposed by paragraphs 6 of resolution 2371 (2017) and resolution 2375 (2017).
The Committee continued to receive notifications on the implementation of resolution 2270 (2016) relating to coal transportation through the DPRK solely for export from the port of Rajin. The Committee was further notified of planned transshipments of coal through the port of Rajin, in accordance with paragraph 8 of Security Council resolution 2371 (2017).
On 26 September 2017, the Committee received a notification from a Member State of imports of iron ore, iron, lead ore, lead, and seafood from the DPRK for the period 6 August to 4 September 2017, in accordance with paragraphs 8, 9 and 10 of Security Council resolution 2371 (2017).
During the reporting period, the Committee received a number of notifications, including on training, scientific cooperation, and granting visas to DPRK nationals to attend meetings, and determined whether those activities were in compliance with the sanctions regime.
The Committee continued its consideration of proposals for assistance to the DPRK from international organizations on a range of issues, including on the participation of nationals of the DPRK in UN regional meetings and programmes, an official country visit to the DPRK to examine implementation of international drug control conventions, and intended donation of IT equipment.
I am also pleased to report that the Committee concluded its deliberations on Implementation Assistance Notices No. 2 and the Fact Sheet, which were approved on 3 November 2017. On 15 November, the Committee further approved IAN No. 1 and 6. All updated IAN’s and the Fact Sheet are available on the Committee website.
In closing, let me recall that the Panel of Experts continued to investigate possible violations of the DPRK sanctions regime and conducted a number of outreach activities, a list of which is attached to this report as an annex.
Finally, while recalling that the primary responsibility for implementing the provisions of resolution 1718 (2006), 1874 (2009), 2087 (2013), 2094 (2013), 2270 (2016), 2321 (2016), 2356 (2017), 2371 (2017) and 2375 (2017) rests with Member States, let me reassure you that the Committee is committed to facilitating the implementation of these measures, with a view to contributing to a peaceful and comprehensive solution to the DPRK issue.
This is a special occasion for me, since it is the last time that I have the honour to present the 90-day report on the 1718 Committee’s activity to the Council. I wish to thank all of you and your delegations for the support my team and I have received over my tenure, which I am sure you will provide to my successor.