Intervento nazionale pronunciato dall’Ambasciatore Sebastiano Cardi, Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite, al dibattito in Consiglio di Sicurezza su “Working Methods of the Security Council” —
At the outset allow me to thank the Kuwaitian Presidency for organizing today’s open debate on working methods which offers us a public occasion to elaborate on the revised Note 507, push for its implementation, and pay tribute to the remarkable progress by the Informal Working Group on Documentation and other Procedural Questions under the Japanese chairmanship last year and two years ago.
The revised Note 507 finally responds to the demand for enhanced transparency, inclusiveness and interaction of the Council with the rest of the UN membership. It reflects the improvements already achieved in recent years, as in the case of the new selection process for the Chairs of the Council’s subsidiary organs. The measures introduced for the preparation of incoming elected members put them in a better position to contribute to the Council’s work from day one, thus enhancing its effectiveness. So much has been done.
Let me mention in this context our split term with the Netherlands and the work carried out throughout the year with their team to ensure a smooth transition, in particular in the work of subsidiary organs.
more can be done to achieve the full implementation of Note 507 and for a bold interpretation of its provisions; in our view, the role of the E10 will be crucial in this respect and we encourage the Council to continue make use of all tools at its disposal, and wish to put forward the following considerations and suggestions:
1. Italy believes in closer cooperation between the Security Council and the Peace Building Commission and is looking forward to seeing the Council regularly request, deliberate and draw upon the PBC specific, strategic and targeted advice, as stated in paragraph 94 of Note 507;
2. Italy is aware of the responsibilities of being a penholder. At the same time, we welcome the “co-penholdership” as a practice that allows for wider participation of Council members in the drafting process, and – consequently – can bring added value to the Council’s outcomes;
3. During the drafting process, we encourage the Council to engage in timely consultations, including with the broader UN membership and, particularly, with interested States and regional organizations;
4. In this respect, in reviewing mandates of peacekeeping operations, due consideration should be given to the views of the Troop and Police Contributing Countries. An inclusive involvement of TCCs and PCCs when renewing mandates is key to nurture trust between these Countries and Council members; during our term in the Council last year we witnessed firsthand that still a lot could be done in this respect;
5. The Council could also promote and make a more regular use of informal settings, such as informal awareness meetings, to receive the necessary information prior to deliberating;
6. Italy is also favor of inviting to Council meetings non-traditional briefers – in particular women from civil society – to allow Council members to hear different voices before deliberating;
7. Finally, we believe in an enhanced role of the Council’s Presidency in framing the discussion in consultations and communicating the outcomes to the press. Transparency is a very important tool to uphold the legitimacy of this body’s deliberations.
while we discuss working methods, we must not also shy away from debating in the same terms the comprehensive reform of the Council, including its structure and its composition. We must aim at a modern Council, which enjoys greater authority and legitimacy, in tune with the democratic reality of the 21st century and in line with the principle of the equal status of every Member State of the United Nations. We should then earnestly debate if an increased number of veto powers would make the Council more responsive to international crisis, or more efficient, more inclusive, more accountable and more transparent. This is an open question which in our view remains crucial in the current debate.
In this respect, Mr. President, and in closing, Italy is ready to engage with the rest of the membership in a constructive dialogue leading to an early reform, through which elected members can make a greater contribution to the Council’s work, also by acting as a bridge towards non-Council members, reflecting their concerns and remaining fully accountable to the scrutiny of the wider Membership. Italy remains committed in this endeavor.