Intervento del Generale C.A. Luciano Carta, Vicedirettore Agenzia Informazioni e Sicurezza esterna Alla Conferenza di Alto Livello dei Direttori delle Agenzie Antiterrorismo degli Stati Membri
First of all, let me thank the Secretary General for convening this Conference. In the last year, we have seen the United Nations truly stepping up its efforts in support of Member States’ in this field establishing the Office of Counter-Terrorism and signing the Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact. Italy restates its strong political support to this process.
The focus on international cooperation is very welcome. Without stronger cross-border collaboration and the exchange of information, data and best practices cannot be effective in countering the phenomenon. Bilateral relations, United Nations role and also international and regional organizations as European Union and OSCE are necessary.
For Italy, cooperation and partnerships are not just slogans. In our system, we have a well-oiled mechanism of interagency consultations — from law enforcement to intelligence — the Anti-Terrorism Strategic Analysis Committee: we believe in dialogue and cooperation between States because we have witnessed its power internally.
This approach is adopted by Italy also in combating the financing of terrorism through our Financial Security Committee. In a similar fashion, let me stress the importance of a tighter cooperation between financial intelligence units_
We are aware that coordination at national level is much easier than at international level. We need to make better use of tools such as Passenger Name Record and Advanced Passenger information and improve Partnership with Organizations such as INTERPOL, the World Customs Organization and others. This collective effort entails a change in approach, from defending the information to sharing the information.
Mr. Chairman, in order to combat the flow of foreign terrorist fighters, we need to use data and information collected on those battlefields where Da’esh has been defeated with a quality standard, in order to fully exploit them both for prevention and prosecution. in addition, we need to establish a strong international judicial cooperation. We are aware that thousands of foreign fighters — and their families – might be seeking to return home or relocate to other areas: we need battlefield data to first of all defuse this threat, and to make sure that all prosecution is carried out on the basis of solid evidence and in full respect of international law.
Mr. Chairman, let me dwell on the issue of preventing violent extremism with the support of teachers, trade unions and employers’ associations, religious leaders and the civil society in general. Particular attention should be devoted to the prison system, where jailed fighters could proselytize common criminals. We would also like to stress the key role of the private sector in helping Member States monitor and remove extremist content online.
Mr. Chairman, the movement and especially the return and relocation of foreign terrorist fighters remain a challenge for the wider international community. In order to counter these threats, we must focus on removing all Obstacles to our cooperation. We are confident that the United Nations will remain at the forefront of this collective effort.