Discorso pronunciato dall’Ambasciatrice Mariangela Zappia, Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite, al Dibattito Aperto in Consiglio di Sicurezza su “Upholding the Charter of the United Nations to Maintain International Peace and Security” —
Thank you very much, Mr. President,
and thank to the Vietnamese Presidency for organizing this very important Debate, as well as the Secretary-General and Mrs. Mary Robinson for their insightful statements.
Italy aligns itself with the statement to be delivered by the European Union.
The UN Charter is the main pillar of the legal and political architecture built in the immediate aftermath of WWII. In the preamble of the Charter, the pledge to “save succeeding generations from the scourge of war” is unequivocal.
This pledge is all the more imperative today, with new tensions arising in the in the world and the proliferation of regional crisis. The current threats to global peace and security make it also more pressing than ever to recommit to and to revitalize the multilateral disarmament and non-proliferation normative framework.
True, the United Nations and the multilateral system based on the Charter are faced with growing criticism. The Security Council struggles to offer solutions to the main current political crisis.
Nevertheless, the underlying principles of the Charter are as compelling today as they were in 1945 and so are the objectives which they are supposed to serve: the global aspiration for peace and for the well-being of all our citizens.
The answer to the push back we are witnessing today is not less multilateralism, but rather much more, with a more sophisticated approach designed to tackle today’s more complex crises.
Italy knows this well: as a Mediterranean Country on the frontlines of an area afflicted by major instability and multidimensional repercussions that transcend the region itself, we are deeply aware of the need for a holistic approach. Only by combining security, development, rule of law and human rights, as well as environmental protection and the fight against climate change, we will be able to create conditions conducive to a sustainable peace and a future of prosperity for the next generations.
As the Secretary General has said this morning, international cooperation is at a crossroad and indeed we need to do better to uphold the Charter values. As far as Italy is concerned we strongly believe the ongoing reform processes started by the Secretary-General are crucial to improving the UN’s effectiveness and its capacity to achieve this goal. Italy reaffirms its steadfast support to conflict prevention, mediation, and peacebuilding, and recalls also the prerogatives of Secretary-General under art. 99 of the Charter. As the top Troop Contributor among Western Countries, Italy champions the Action for Peacekeeping initiative and the Declaration of Shared Commitments.
A reformed UN must continue to operate in a logic of shared responsibility among Members States and in partnership with regional organizations, such as the European Union and the African Union. This crucial notion is also reflected in our commitment to a reformed Security Council to make it more representative, accountable, democratic, transparent and effective.
A final word on discrimination and inclusion. In the Preamble the Charter reaffirms “faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity of and worth of the human person, in the equal rights of men and women.” Let me stress the importance of gender equality: women must be given the opportunity to participate meaningfully in decision-making processes. By the same token, we must give voice and space to young people. President Mary Robinson said this morning “if women had equal power, we would have a very different problem-solving way of dealing with the challenges we face today”. Indeed we must continue to work relentlessly to achieve gender parity for the sake of peace and prosperity for all.
I thank you.