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Consiglio di Sicurezza – Riunione in formato Arria su “Mandating peace: Enhancing the mediation sensitivity and effectiveness of the UN Security Council”

Intervento dell’Ambasciatore Stefano Stefanile, Vice Rappresentante Permanente dell’Italia presso le Nazioni Unite, al Meeting in formula Arria del Consiglio di Sicurezza su “Mandating peace: Enhancing the mediation sensitivity and effectiveness of the UN Security Council” —

Mr. Chair,

Italy firmly believes that prevention, mediation and consolidation of peace are indispensable tools and the experience has proved that the recourse to peaceful means for the prevention and settlement of disputes and crises is the best approach and the most cost-effective one. Mediation is a vital instrument to give substance to the Sustaining Peace agenda. It is not just a way to overcome crises: it is also an occasion to reinvigorate the positive forces of a Country, promote dialogue and inclusiveness, and ultimately eliminate the root causes of conflicts.

We strongly support the UN role in promoting mediation, notably through the Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs and its Mediation Support Unit. The Secretary General himself has injected new energy into this dynamic by promoting a “surge in diplomacy” and establishing the High-Level Advisory Board on Mediation and we encourage him to fully exert his powers under art. 99 of the Charter. As a proud partner of the DPPA, Italy has consistently scaled up its contribution to the Department in support of its mediation activities, positioning itself among the main donors.

As an example of UN mediation today, we can look with hope to the small, but encouraging developments in the peace process in Libya. The chances for the success of this processare tied to two factors: the respect of the Libyan people’s ownership of an inclusive solution and the central role of the UN mediation.

As regards the work of the UN Security Council, we believe that a greater mediation-oriented approach should inform its work, and we wish to stress the following:

First, the Security Council should adopt more frequently the informal-meeting format to discuss issues that, while not being formally on the agenda, still deserve its attention. It should also be briefed more frequently by relevant civil society actors. Civil society organizations can be also important partners, as they are often the best placed to exert mediation efforts, as demonstrated by the support that the “Comunita’ di Sant’Egidio” provided to the peace processes in the Central African Republic and in South Sudan.

Second, we believe in closer cooperation between the Security Council and the Peacebuilding Commission and we look forward to the Council regularly requesting and drawing upon PBC’s strategic and targeted advice.

Third, in reviewing the mandates of peacekeeping operations, due consideration should continue to be given to the views of Troop and Police Contributing Countries, whose men and women are actually risking their lives on the ground.

Fourth, Council members should promote more regular horizon scanning meetings, in order to respond to crises before they erupt.

Finally, the positive potential of mediation can be fully realized only if it is truly inclusive. Therefore, we must ensure the full and active and meaningful participation of women in conflict prevention, management and resolution and in post-conflict efforts. This has inspired Italy in promoting the Mediterranean Women Mediators Network and in supporting similar initiatives in other regions of the world.

I thank you.