It is Italy’s honor once again this year to introduce, on behalf of the co-sponsors, the draft resolution, “Strengthening the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Program, in particular its technical cooperation capacity” (document A/C.3/69/L.19).
Last year the resolution was co-sponsored by 133 Member States. As in the past, we are confident that other Member States will join us from the floor.
There are few issues on the UN agenda as global as the fight against transnational organized crime.
In its different forms and manifestations, crime directly impacts all member States without discrimination. It affects human welfare, state stability, economic growth and social development. Crime and violence are a development issue.
We need a common, holistic and global response to this scourge, which no State can hope to defeat on its own.
Since 1991, Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice have been the focus of a UN Programme that addresses all forms of crime, especially crime with transnational features and transnational effects. The Programme’s institutional framework has grown since the time of its creation. Many organisms and bodies have been established and their activities have been developed. In particular, UNODC’s activities have taken unprecedented importance at both the political and operational levels.
For Member States old and new forms of crime represent an evolving and multifaceted threat that requires a comprehensive response.
As in the past, the three main purposes of the resolution are:
First, to build consensus on and highlight the fight against transnational organized crime in the broader framework of the United Nations’ policies and actions. The resolution will grant greater visibility and encourage renewed political commitment to this issue in the UN agenda.
Second, to promote the universality and implementation of all pertinent United Nations instruments, in particular the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its additional Protocols, thereby strengthening international cooperation.
Third, to confirm the membership’s support for the technical assistance activities of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in this field.
• Last year’s resolution stemmed from several rounds of informal consultations. Thanks to the tireless efforts of all the delegations, we were able to improve the original draft in many respects, and to incorporate into the text important new issues such as:
1. The gender-related killing of women and girls;
2. Strengthening international cooperation to combat trafficking in cultural property and related offences, and to facilitate the recovery and the return of stolen assets to the Countries of origin;
3. Strengthening international cooperation and capacity building to combat wildlife trafficking in protected species of wild fauna and flora;
4. Encouraging Member States to give adequate consideration to the linkages between crime prevention and criminal justice, in one hand, and social and economic development, in the other hand, especially in the context of preparations for the Post-2015 UN Development Agenda;
5. Smuggling of migrants;
6. The need to strengthen the criminal justice systems’ capacity to investigate and prosecute the most serious crimes under the international law;
7. The need to improve UNODC’s financial situation.
• Building on these achievements and having in mind the wide consensus to the 2013 resolution, the draft we are proposing this year contains a few essential updates to the language we adopted last year. We have tried to keep the text as streamlined as possible while preserving the balanced solutions on the principal issues that we formulated together.
These updates are focused mainly on the decisions taken and resolutions adopted in the last 12 months by the GA, ECOSOC, and the CCPCJ, as well as on the upcoming UN events and processes related to the UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme: namely, the preparations for the 13th UN Congress of Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice; and the preparations for the post-2015 UN Development Agenda.
We thus propose new language focused on:
1. The treatment of prisoners in relation with the progress made according to the proposed resolution A/C.3/69/L.3,
2. the correlated items of trafficking and smuggling of migrants, taking into account the CCPCJ resolution E/CN.15/2014/L.2/ Rev.,
3. the adoption (proposed resolution A/C.3/69/l.7) of international Guidelines with respect to trafficking in Cultural property ad related offences,
4. the need to combat illicit trafficking of firearms and their parts and ammunitions,
5. the need to give answer to the misuse of modern technologies.
6. the preparation of the Thirteenth United nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.
Let me conclude, Mr. Chairman, by reiterating that, as in the past, we are counting on the broadest support of Member States.
DISCORSO PRONUNCIATO DALL’ AMBASCIATORE SEBASTIANO CARDI, RAPPRESENTANTE PERMANENTE DELL’ITALIA PRESSO LE NAZIONI UNITE, ALL’INTRODUZIONE DEL PROGETTO DI RISOLUZIONE SU “STRENGTHENING THE UNITED NATIONS CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROGRAM, IN PARTICULAR ITS TECHNICAL COOPERATION CAPACITY” (23 ottobre 2014)